Water filtration is a procedure that is used to separate hard elements and water contaminants. The materials, sediments, bacteria which are extracted by the process can be termed water filtration. A filtration device can execute this process that a water filter contains.
Reasons for using water filtrations:
- Normally, groundwater consists of ammonia, toxins, pesticides, heavy metals, and bacterial pollutants. Water filtration helps to remove these kinds of elements from drinking water.
- Water-point filter removes plumage shortly before ingestion from drinking water, thereby preventing the body from entering this toxic material.
- The acquisition of a counter-top filter leads to clear, safe water costs much less than costly bottled water and reduces environmental toxic waste.
- Water filters minimize the risk of some diseases by taking away by-products of iodine and chlorine, which causes rectal cancer, colon and bladder cancer such as Trihalomethanes.
- Carbon water filters can extract hazardous pollutants from potable water selectively by maintaining safe mineral deposits to balance water pH for drinking.
- Safe, filtered water protects the body from disease and increases health and energy overall.
- The water filter combines the comfort of the tap water with safe and nutritious water for both cooking and drinking.
Water filters reduce more than 80% risk of gastrointestinal disease by extracting cryptosporidium and giardia from drinking water. To improve your child’s immunity system, always use filtered water because it almost has no polluting elements mixed into it.
Types of water filter
Four main filtration types are available, and they use a combination of physical and chemical techniques.
Activated carbon filters: The most popular household water filters use charcoal-based activated carbon granules (sometimes active carbon or AC). Charcoal is like a cross between a pencil and a sponge in the graphite “lead.” It has an enormous internal surface with nooks and cranes, attracting and trapping chemical impurities through an adsorption process.
Reverse osmosis: It means pushing water polluted by a membrane at pressure. Hence, the water moves, but pollutants stay in place. Since water moves against its natural tendency, reverse osmosis ensures that polluted water is forced into the membrane under pressure. In other words, electrically driven pumps that cost money to operate must be used for reverse osmosis filters. Activated carbon is ideal for reverse osmosis to eliminate contaminants (salt, nitrate, or limescale, bacteria).
Ion Exchange Process: Ion Exchange filters for “softening” water are especially good (removing limescale). They are engineered to divide atoms of a pollutant into ions (electrically charged atoms with too many or too few electrons).
Distillation: It is one of the easiest ways to clean water to boil; however, although heat destroys several different bacteria, chemicals, limescale, and other pollutants are not removed. Distillation takes a step further than ordinary boiling; you boil water in a separate container to make steam, collect the steam and condense it back into the water.
Water filtration, in simple term, is to purify the water and make it suitable for drinking. It will keep you fit and keep you away from any contamination spread from water.