Periodontal disease is the systemic damage of the gum tissue. The problem provokes bleeding and gradual resorption of bone tissue. The teeth become mobile and fall out over time. The condition can either worsen or be accompanied by other diseases, such as hormonal disorders, diabetes mellitus, hypovitaminosis, decreased immunity, etc. To prevent complete loss of teeth, it is necessary to treat periodontal disease, and then follow the principles of proper nutrition.
Nutrition for periodontal disease should be healthy, varied, and complete. In that case, acute periods of the disease will not recur, and the gums will be healthy and strong.
Diet for periodontal disease
The main goal of the diet for advanced periodontal disease is to saturate the body with vitamins and minerals, which would strengthen the gingival tissue. Special foods should be included in the diet:
- Solid food
Moderately solid foods, such as apples, carrots, cucumbers, meat provide training for the gums and teeth. Still, nuts and too hard cereals should be discarded. But with an acute form of periodontal disease, solid foods should be cast aside, since they damage soft tissues and provoke incessant bleeding of the gums.
- Dairy products
Milk is enriched with calcium, which is important for healthy gums and teeth. Fermented milk products activate the gastrointestinal tract and saturate the body with useful substances that are necessary for the natural regeneration of tissues.
They contain a large amount of vitamin C. Oranges, lemons, grapefruit, tangerines are especially welcome. Drink lemon tea, which also has a tonic effect.
Diet for the periodontal disease involves fruits, vegetables, dairy products. Seafood, fish, and low-fat meat are also recommended. Highly-processed products and sweets should be excluded. The same goes for alcoholic and low alcohol drinks.
Vitamins with periodontal disease
To stop the recession of the gums, it is necessary to saturate the body with vitamins. Here are the most important groups:
- Vitamin A activates regenerative processes. A large amount of vitamin A is found in broccoli, carrots, pumpkin, blueberries, black currants, apricots, spinach, and liver.
- Vitamin E is directly involved in the metabolic processes of the body. It is found in corn, vegetable oils.
- Vitamin K takes part in blood coagulation processes. It can be found in spinach, parsley, cilantro, dill, cauliflower, green tomatoes. This vitamin helps to prevent bleeding of the gums.
- Vitamin B6 helps to strengthen blood vessels, improves mineral metabolism in the bones of the jaw. It is found in yeast, grains, and legumes.
Along with useful products that contain vitamins, dentists recommend taking vitamin supplements. These are ready-made sets of useful components that help prevent the development of periodontal disease and significantly improve health.
Minerals for periodontal disease
In addition to vitamins, gums and teeth need minerals such as:
- Calcium is found in milk, cheeses, yogurt, and sour cream.
- Zinc is involved in the regenerative processes of bone tissue. It is contained in legumes, beef, lentils, seafood.
- Copper is necessary for healthy blood formation, as well as strengthening the body’s iron. High amounts of copper are in bread, potatoes, and liver. Dairy products help copper to absorb better.
- Iron helps to enrich the body with oxygen. It is found in buckwheat, liver, beans, and beef.
- Selenium is found in foods such as beans, peas, lentils, broccoli, barley groats, and nuts.
Food not recommended for periodontal disease
- Sweets contribute to the destruction of hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. You should exclude pastille, caramel, butterscotch, as they stick to tooth enamel and are difficult to brush.
- Pastry such as buns, cookies, white bread should be replaced with wholemeal products.
- Fast food, soda, chips, crackers are poorly digested and create problems in the gastrointestinal tract. Eventually, it affects the condition of the teeth.
- Black tea and coffee affect the condition of tooth enamel and soft tissues negatively.
Regular usage of your toothbrush, flossing, and rinsing will keep your teeth and gums healthy. A good addition to oral hygiene is good nutrition. Limiting sweets and acid-containing foods in your diet can be replenished with foods that will be good for your gums.