There are different methods used for treating cancer. However, you should know that different treatment methods have been designed to deal with different types of cancers. A single treatment therapy can be used to treat cancer, but in most instances, two or three methods are used in the treatment process. Before enrolling for a treatment procedure, it is essential that you learn about the treatment process and associated side effects. Here are some of the cancer treatment therapies.
1. Radiation Therapy
This is one of the commonly used cancer treatment procedure. It involves the use of high doses of radiations to shrink tumours and to kill cancerous cells. Radiation therapy is an effective cancer treatment therapy.
However, the cancerous region must be well known before radiation can be used. Research has shown that radiation cannot be used in sensitive areas such as around the heart, sexual organs, and even brain as it could cause severe damages. Radiation equipment is required for radiation therapy to take place.
Recent trends show that chemotherapy has replaced radiotherapy as the most preferred treatment method for cancer. It is a cancer treatment procedure that involves taking drugs to kill cancerous cells in various parts of the body.
It does not have severe side effects except the feeling of exhaustion and tiredness. The chemotherapy treatment process can take several dosages before full recovery is realized. People under chemotherapy treatment procedure continue to handle duties depending on their capacity.
Immunotherapy cancer treatment procedure is one of the most recent discoveries in cancer treatment. Unlike other treatment methods that focus on killing tumours and overgrown cells, immunotherapy focuses on enhancing the immunity of the body.
By enhancing the immune system, the body is expected to fight cancer and other diseases. This treatment method focuses on increasing the number and size of white blood cells so that they can fight cancer efficiently.
4. Targeted Therapy
This is a cancer treatment procedure that is similar to precision medicine. However, it is more of a preventive technique rather than a treatment method. As oncologists continue to learn about cancer cells, they have discovered that cancer cells, grow, divide, and spread.
Oncologists have therefore innovated a treatment procedure that is geared towards preventing cancerous cell changes. The idea is to prevent cancerous cells from dividing, spreading, and growing, thereby minimizing their impacts.
5. Hormone Therapy
Researchers have discovered that there are cancer cells that grow through the aid of hormones. If you visit website with cancer treatment procedures, you will come across endocrine therapy, which is the same as hormone therapy.
Endocrine therapy, commonly known as hormone therapy involves the use of hormones to suppress the hormones that are supporting the growth and development of cancer cells. In most cases, hormone therapy is used in the treatment of breast and prostate cancers, which use hormones to grow.
6. Stem Cell Transplant
This is a treatment procedure that involves restoring blood-forming stem cells in patients whose blood-forming stem cells have been damaged by radiation therapy or high doses of chemotherapy. Blood-forming stem cells need to be restored in the body because they are essential in forming white blood cells that are used in enhancing the immunity of the body. Other important blood components, such as platelets and red blood cells, are created by blood-forming stem cells.
These are the main cancer treatment therapies that you will come across in many treatment facilities. However, as technology continues to grow, other cancer treatment techniques such as precision medicine have already been incorporated in the medical industry. Each cancer treatment therapy has its pros and cons. A cancer expert should give you a comprehensive detail of the best therapy you should choose depending on your health.