Skin pigmentation

Whenever something starts happening on your body, most people will probably advise you not to touch it unless it starts to hurt. This kind of attitude, however, is as faulty as it gets. First of all, you have no way of telling if that a new mold that appeared on your back is benign or if that the rash you got is going to get better on its own. On the other hand, sometimes a thing that appears on your skin will really not be dangerous, but this doesn’t mean that living with it is pleasant. To some people, it seriously hurts their self-esteem and this alone may be a reason to look for the “cure.” Such conditions are various forms of skin pigmentation and here are some things you need to know about them.

What is Skin Pigmentation?

First of all, we need to answer the question of what exactly skin pigmentation is. Well, our skin contains a pigment called melanin. This brown-ish substance in various concentrations, gives our skin different shades of color. The absence of Melanin is called albinism, while its presence in too big of a concentration is adversely called melanism. However, when the combination of Melanin in one particular area of your skin becomes too strong or too weak, what you get are pigment disorders, popularly also known as skin pigmentation.

Speaking of these disorders, there are three major groups you should look out for:

  1. Depigmentation: This is the loss of pigment that makes a part of your skin appear white like in albino people.
  2. Hypopigmentation: A bit less transparent than depigmentation, hypopigmentation is presence of melanin in low quantities. This makes skin seem much lighter in color, but the situation is still not as extreme as with depigmentation.
  3. Hyperpigmentation: Opposite to hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation is an abnormally high concentration of melanin. The skin on that part of the body will be much darker. Needless to say, this particular disorder is one that people most often ask the intervention for.

What Are the Causes?

Well, different conditions are created by different causes. While it is possible that the cause of pigment disorders is found in genetics, there are numerous other factors that influence it. Things like skin inflammation, fungal infections, Addison disease or hemochromatosis are all likely causes. On the other hand, the use of a certain medicine or drug can give this effect, as well. Finally, even the exposure to sun or to a chemical, as well as an injury like burn may play their part in this.


While it is true that things like wearing a strong sunscreen and exfoliating may help with prevention, sometimes even your best efforts won’t be enough. When it comes to this, it might be the right time to look for a proper hyperpigmentation treatment. Still, even this takes some time. There are various factors that may affect the success rate of the treatment. These are things like your skin type, the size of the area and even the place of the affected area.


While it is true that skin pigmentation doesn’t pose a risk to your physical health or your life for that matter, it may significantly lower your overall lifestyle quality. Just the fact that you can’t wear your favorite bathing suit (or any bathing suit) without feeling embarrassed is enough to wish it go away. For this very reason, most people decide to do something about it. Furthermore, your mindset and self-esteem are all part of your mental health, and health always comes first.

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