Whether you are replacing an old roof or building a new house, installing a new roof will cost you a fortune. The average cost of installing a new residential roof is around $20,000. So, if you’d like to invest such an amount on one area of your roof, you need to make sure that you will get the best roof for your home. 

Fortunately, there are several roof options available for your home, and only need to choose one that matches with your house, as well as the surrounding geographical area. With that said, we shall highlight some of the common types of house roofs, together with their pros and cons. 

Gable roof

Also referred to as peaked or pitched roof, this type of roof is very common across the United States. The triangular shape of the gable roofs makes them more recognizable. 


  • They easily shed snow and water
  • Allow more ventilation
  • Create more space for vaulted ceilings or attic area
  • They are easy and cheaper to install—thanks to their simple design


  • This roofing style is not ideal for areas prone to hurricanes, tornadoes, or high winds
  • The roof can collapse if the frames lack enough and strong supports

Hip roof

Hip roofs slope on their four sides. Moreover, property owners can customize hip roofs to add an extra personal touch to their general style. Currently, we have two different types of hip roofs: cross the hipped and simple hip. 


  • Hip roofs are stronger and more steady compared to gable roofs
  • They provide extra space for vaulted ceilings or attic area
  • They are ideal for areas with high winds or heavy snowing


  • Generally, hip roofs have a complex design, which makes them a bit costly to construct
  • Poor maintenance or construction errors can cause serious issues like leaks

Flat roof

This roofing style is flat, and it doesn’t have any pitch. But, some roofers will allow a slight pitch for drainage purposes. Chicago roofing contractors say that flat roofs are common in industrial and commercial buildings. However, they are also ideal for residential homes in low and high rainfall areas. Some of the common roofing materials used in flat roofs include PVC, roll roofing, tar and gravel, metal sheets, rubber membrane, and TPO membrane. 


  • They are easier to install—thanks to the few building materials required
  • They provide extra living space. You can build a roof patio, garden, or a temporary enclose
  • The simple installation requirements and design makes flat roofs affordable
  • Flat roof design is an ideal option for property owners who want to install solar panels


  • Flat roofs are expensive to maintain
  • Since these roofs have a low pitch, they are prone to water leakage

Bonnet roof

Also known as kicked eaves, bonnet roofs are a modified type of hip roof. This roofing style has two slopes on every side. In a bonnet roof, the upper slot has a higher angle, while the bottom slope has a low angle. 

Although bonnet roofs are not so common in modern homes, they were previously common in French vernacular style homes. That’s why this roofing style is common in the Massachusetts and Mississippi Delta area. Bonnet roofs can be constructed with materials like natural stone, metal, or shingles. 


  • The upper slope provides extra space for vaulted ceilings or small attic
  • They are more durable
  • Provide easy runoff for rainwater
  • The overhanging eaves protect the building from water damage
  • Can be integrated into dormers easily


  • Their complicated design makes them expensive to build
  • There are prone to leaks, especially in the areas where the seams join together

Skillion roof

Also known as a lean-to or shed roof, a skillion roof is a simple slanted roof, which is fixed on a taller wall. This, in turn, gives the roof an offset appearance. This roofing style is suitable for porches, house extensions, as well as modern home architecture. The ideal roofing materials for skillion roofs include asphalt shingles, standing seam panels, metal, and tiles. 


  • This roofing style is easy to assemble and install
  • An ideal option for aesthetic and architectural appeal
  • They require fewer materials compared to other roofing styles—which makes them cheaper
  • Skillion roofs have a steep pitch, which allows easy water and snow runoff—thus, they are ideal for snow and high rain areas


  • Homes with skillion roofs have low ceilings, which is caused by the high pitch of the roof
  • They are susceptible to high winds
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