Wood floors are any type of product that is manufactured or created from timber which is designed for flooring. The utilization can either be for aesthetic or structural purposes. Wood is a common choice for a flooring material that comes in different colors, styles, cuts, and species. Bamboo floors are considered a type of wood flooring, despite the material being made of a grass species rather than a timber. Hardwood flooring contractors are knowledgeable in wood species which is why it is best to work with them so homeowners can receive advice about the best types of woods that would be good in a home.
Solid hardwood floors are made from planks that are milled coming from a single piece of timber. Originally, hardwood floors were used for the purposes of creating structures, It was installed perpendicular to wooden support beams of a structure which are known as either joists or bearers. The rising popularity of using concrete as a sub-flooring in other parts of the world, engineered wood flooring has garnered popularity. Nonetheless, solid wood flooring is still common and remains popular. The reason for its continued relevance is due to its thicker surface which can be finished and sanded more times that can be done on an engineered wood floor.
How Solid Wood Is Manufactured
Solid wood flooring is created by being milled from a single piece of timber in the kiln to be air dried before the sawing procedure. Depending on the customer’s desired design as discussed with the hardwood flooring contractors, the timber can be cut and divided in three ways. The three ways a timber can be cut are rift-sawn, quarter-sawn, and flat-sawn.
The timber is divided into the desired dimensions of the client. After the cut, the timber can be packed for either an unfinished to be installed on the site or it can be finished at the factory. The moisture content during the manufacturing is controlled carefully to make sure that the product will not warp during transport and storage.
Various proprietary features of solid wood floors are made available. Various solid woods came with grooves that are cut in the back of the wood which runs the length of every plank. These grooves are referred to as absorption strips that are intended to reduce any cupping. Solid wood floors are manufactured at 0.75 inches thick along with a tongue-and-groove for installation purposes.
Other Styles of Wood Manufacturing
This process slices the log from the same manner the way lumber is sawn from a log, which is a straight-through process. Any engineered hardwood that is produced in this fashion tends to have lesser problems. It does not have any similar plywood appearance in its grain.
This process begins with a similar treatment that the sliced-peel method uses. The log is boiled in the water when it comes to the rotary-peel style. After the preparation is completed, a blade is used to peel the wood. The peeling starts from outside of the log while working toward the center part which creates a wood veneer. The veneer is pressed with high pressure. This manufacturing style has some problems when the wood may curl back to its original form. Engineered hardwoods that are rotary-peeled tend to have a plywood appearance in its grain.
Dry Solid-Sawn Style
Instead of boiling the logs like the rotary-peeled method, the dry solid-sawn style would have the log kept at a low humidity level where it will be dried slowly. This method will draw moisture coming from the inside of the wood’s cells. The logs are sawn in the same manner as for solid wood plans. This engineered hardwood has a similar appearance as solid hardwood. It does not have any issues such as face-checking which other sliced-peel products or rotary-peel woods may have since this procedure did not use any additional moisture. Face checking is made of fine hairline cracks that run along the wood’s grain on the surface.
Homeowners must consult with reputable hardwood flooring contractors before proceeding to install any hardwood floors. Various engineered and manufacturing styles can make a difference on the hardwood floors which is why advice must be heard before going through the project.