As per the Supreme Court order, the Indian markets will only sale the BS vi compliant vehicles from April 1, 2020. The new emission control standards that are introduced in India will need widespread measures in terms of automotive electronics, emission control, fuel grade, and ECU changes. The Bharat stage norms mainly focus on minimizing the pollutant emission from the vehicles run on the Indian roads, the standard of the vi stage of these norms coming under the title BSVI will call for a change in the technology which will be adopted by Indian vehicle manufacturers. The standards are applied to heavy and light commercial vehicles (LCV), as well as two and three-wheeled vehicles.
BS-VI Norms Also Applicable for Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV)
The draft BS-VI proposal specifies mass emission standards type approval requirements and onboard diagnostic system and the durability of each vehicle category. Three-wheeler manufacturers will also have to follow this norm as per the government rules.
Changing Norms from BS V to BS Vi
As per the direction from the Supreme Court, the Indian government has confirmed its intent to change from BS v level emission standards and move directly to BSVI levels. It is done to tightening of particular matter (PM) mass emission limits and the introduction of particle number (PN) limits for light commercial vehicles (LCV) and heavy-duty vehicles fitted with gasoline direct injection and compression ignition or diesel engines.
Once these norms come into effect, the emission levels in India will come on par with the emission standards in us and European countries. It is also an advancement in vehicle manufacturing technology in India, which will match with the other advanced automotive technologies seen across the globe.
Once the Bharat stage VI norms are implemented, there will be a change in-vehicle technology, and the most important thing is that the implementation of OBD (onboard diagnostic will be a mandatory feature for all the vehicles including light commercial vehicles (LCV) and also in a three-wheeler.
The need for India to move from basic to bs vi norms
As we know that India is a vast country with ten highly populated cities. There is an alarming amount of pollutants released by vehicles in India. In Indian cities, the pollution released by vehicles is a major contribution to the worsening of air quality. Many studies have shown that the release of co2, SO2, NOx, and other pollutants affect the health of people in India. For example, the PM 2.5 levels in a city like Delhi is six times more than what is allowed by the world health organization (WHO).
As per the Paris climate agreement signed by India, it has to take responsibility to cut down the carbon footprints by 40-55% within the next 12 years from what was recorded in 2005. The release of carbon footprints has forced the country to move directly to BSVI norms by bypassing DSV norms. These BSVI norms, once implemented, will see NOx emissions come down by 25% approximately and if its petrol engines its 68%.
Greave Cotton Brings BS-VI Engine for Three-Wheelers
Greave cotton has announced that it has completed the BS-VI certifications for its single-cylinder diesel engine. This future engines will power the diesel three-wheeler of multiple OEMs in India for transportation. This single-cylinder engine is designed to deliver proper fuel efficiency, and the cost of the vehicle will low.
The new Bharat stage vi engine will be powered by advanced fuel injection technology and after-treatment systems that will make sure the reduction pollutant released by the vehicle. This single-cylinder diesel engine is built for affordable three-wheeler applications providing better torque.
Ravi Damodaran, the chief technology officer of cotton greaves, said that the launch of a single-cylinder BSVI engine for three-wheeler applications is a breakthrough for the automobile industry in the country. Greaves ‘cotton single-cylinder engine with diesel and petrol with strong market support will enable OEM partners to contribute significantly to pollution reduction on the roads, which will offer greater value to the customers in India and also export markets. It also opens opportunities to lead clean diesel applications worldwide.
Greaves engines for automobiles have the best design that meets up the performance requirements like low maintenance cost, high power to weight ratio, and also direct fuel injection system. The single greaves cylinder engine is ideal for automotive engine applications like 3- wheelers, 4- wheelers, and also for light commercial vehicles (LCV).
Change in Technology for BSVI And for Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV)
The OEM cannot add additional components in the manufactured vehicles to reduce emissions. The bonnet size will have to increase by exceeding the 4 meters mark. In cases of developed OEMs LIKE TATA and Mahindra mainly for light commercial vehicles (LCV), the new standard will be implemented in their vehicles with perfection. There will be a complication to develop this for light commercial vehicles (LCV), but it will be done, which will reduce pollution.