Different Types of Learning Difficulties and Their Symptoms

Learning difficulty, also known as learning disability is a neurological condition in which the brain is unable to process information effectively. Children who suffer from learning disability often find many aspects of understanding lessons challenging such as listening, reading or writing. Since these difficulties can’t be cured, it impacts individual’s performance across their life in the aspects of academics, workplace, daily lifestyle and relationships too. Support and interventions are crucial to help people suffering from learning difficulties and their symptoms to achieve much needed success.

Understanding the Different Types of Learning Difficulties

Two individuals who suffer from learning disability will never be the same. This is because this difficulty occurs in various forms, as a result of which learning difficulties and their symptoms are different too:

1. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD), both causes difficulty in learning and concentrating for a long period of time. Children who have been diagnosed with ADHD write in a messy manner, lack of impulse control and are often restless. In comparison to ADD, the children affected by ADHD are easier to identify. On the other hand, learner affected by ADD appears to pay attention in the class as a result of which their learning difficulty often goes unnoticed or unanswered.

2. Dyslexia 

Majority of the students with learning difficulty have dyslexia. This again can be of different types which are:

  • Surface Dyslexia
  • Psychological Dyslexia
  • Primary Dyslexia
  • Developmental/Secondary Dyslexia
  • Trauma Dyslexia
  • Visual Dyslexia

Out of the many, psychological dyslexia alters the ability of an individual to break down words into components or sentences. This is the reason why these children cannot decode reading and have spelling or writing difficulties. As writing and reading are an essential element of school’s curriculum, children who are left undiagnosed often fall behind and face several problems while doing homework, taking classroom notes, assessments and assignments.

3. Dysgraphia

Those children who are affected by dysgraphia are not able to write properly and thus produce wrong words that affect their academics. Writing may take a lot of time, triggering a lot of stress and frustration to them. Staying within the margins of the notebook, use of capital vs. small letters, using punctuations and other such basic writing skills becomes difficult to learn.

What are the Symptoms of Learning Difficulties?

Based on the type of learning difficulties an individual is suffering from, the symptoms can be seen right from pre-school age, toddler age and teenage too. The learning difficulties and their symptoms are better explained as:

Symptoms in Preschool Age

Several symptoms can be seen in the preschool age and these are:

  • Trouble while pronouncing words
  • Problem choosing the right words
  • Difficulty in controlling pencils, crayons and coloring within the given space
  • Difficulty in following routines or understanding directions

Symptoms in Toddler Age

As the child with learning difficulty grows, the symptoms advances too, such as:

  • Lack of organizational skills (messy desk, disorganized bedroom)
  • Dislikes writing or reading and also avoids reading out loud
  • Has poor written skills and writes the same word in a different manner in single document
  • Faces problem while following discussions or expressing thoughts

Symptoms in Teenage

If learning difficulties and their symptoms of a child was overlook in preschool and toddler stage then it becomes adverse in teenage, where he/she:

  • Experiences difficulty in solving mathematical problems
  • Unable to remember sequence or tell the time
  • Gets confused between basic words while reading
  • Cannot blend the different sounds to make a word

Address the learning difficulties and their symptoms on-time with the help of professional guidance and care, as a child can get better only when the right interventions are made on time.


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