Basic Factors of Septic Systems In A Home

Basics of A Septic System and The Adequate Maintenance Schedule of The Tanks

A septic tank is defined as an underwater sedimentation tank located underground. Septic systems are used for the treatment process, biological decomposition, and drainage method of wastewater. The use of septic tanks is prevalent in suburban and rural areas.

Septic tanks allow wastewater to have a safe disposal. Septic systems are widely popular in locations that have poor or problematic drainage systems. Areas that are far from the sewage network also utilizes septic tanks. The tank works by collecting the excreted components and wastewater in a tank located underneath the soil. Urban areas and cities do not often use septic tanks. These areas have their own main sewage system that are often maintained by the area’s water company.

Basic Factors of Septic Systems In A Home

A septic system has a simple design where it has either a round or rectangular tank made from concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. The tank is linked with two pipes where one is for the inlet functionality while the other serves as the outlet.

Two Pipes of A Septic Tank

The function of the inlet pipe is to collect the wastewater within the septic tank which will stay long enough to let the solid and liquid waste to be separated. The outlet pipe is also referred to as the drain field. The task of the outlet pipe is to move the pre-processed wastewater out of the septic tank, where it is evenly spread in the waterways and soil.

Three Layers of Wastewater

After the wastewater goes to the septic tank, the wastewater will be separated in three layers. The top layer contains the “scum” which are the grease and oils floating above all the waste. The middle layer includes wastewater and waste particles. The bottom layer is composed of the more solid waste, with heavier particles that form a layer of sludge.

What Happens Inside The Tank?

Once the waste is inside the tank, the bacteria on the wastewater will break down the solid waste. The bacteria will decompose the solid waste which allows the solid waste to rapidly allow the liquids to be separated and drained away easily.

Septic System Cleaning Schedule

It is important that septic tanks are regularly cleaned every year. Anti-bacterial and toxins will grow inside which could kill the vital bacteria that will break down the waste. Some cleaning substances when it flows to the tank builds up solid waste and sludge. If these things are not removed, it can lead to the septic system failure. The solid waste can block the system leading to the wastewater to overflow into the watercourse.

When the system fails, it is expensive and can cause a lot of troubles. When the wastewater contaminates the water it can cause diseases. A failed system can also invite waterborne diseases that bring foul odor to the surface.

It is important that homeowners will follow a strict septic tank maintenance schedule to avoid failures and clogging. Homeowners must work with septic waste treatment companies to maintain the system.

Disadvantages of Not Regularly Cleaning The Tank

If a homeowner has no proper schedule for the maintenance of the system, the decomposition process within the tank will slow down which leads to overflow and clogging. After some time, excrement, solid waste, soil, and sludge will build up. The build-up only gets worse which can fully destroy the system completely. Instead of waiting for the system to reach its breaking point, homeowners must act fast. Have the septic tank cleaned every year or from one to three years.

A homeowner can maintain the septic tank by making sure that he or she will clean the water before it leaves the tank. This can be done by applying a septic tank cleaner upstream near the drainage zone. It will abolish and remove the effects of the soap cleaners that might kill the vital bacteria in the tank. The decomposition process of the solid waste is very essential which is why the bacteria needs to remain inside the tank.

The best way to ensure the utmost care and maintenance of a septic system is to hire a professional service contractor who can clean the tank properly. The contractor’s experience is valuable to address any type of waste in a tank and deploy the best solutions to make sure that the tank is well-maintained.


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