An overview of the infertility tests for couples

Sometimes, we make spontaneous decisions without speculating about its long-term consequences. The best example is perhaps the decision of some women, who wish to get a permanent solution for not getting pregnant. After a few years, they regret the decision and search in despair for solutions. Next, there are some unfortunate women, who never manage to conceive for reasons unknown.

Even the doctor cannot determine the exact cause. Infertility, as you can understand is slowly and steadily on the rise. Other than those who choose not to become pregnant, a woman should undergo fertility tests for avoiding disappointments later. The solution for women who underwent ligation can visit this website and find a suitable alternative. Meanwhile, we list here the various fertility workups that a woman can undergo.

Checking the hormone

Generally, measurements of the FSH, LH, and estrogen levels during the third day of the menstrual cycle can indicate the current fertility status. High levels of FSH levels are an indication of poor egg quality. Furthermore, the doctors will also take into account the hormone levels responsible for ovarian reserve. Analyzing thyroid hormones is also a crucial test, as the possibilities of thyroid disease can be detrimental to a woman’s fertility.

Semen Analysis

The male partner can be the culprit if he is dealing with infertility. In most situations, inferior quality semen leads them to become infertile. A semen analysis is therefore indispensable. Unless the man has ample good quality sperm, the egg fertilization process is never possible. The aforesaid test, additionally analyzes the number of sperm, the shape of the sperm, and the sperm motility (movement of the sperm).

Testing a woman’s Ovulation

As you can understand, impaired ovulation will hinder the conception procedure. The doctor will monitor the basal body temperature. The progesterone levels increase when ovulation occurs.  Women can check their body temperature too. Usually, the basal body temperature increases slightly every morning. By making it a habit, a woman can learn the pattern of ovulation after a few weeks.

 Examining the fallopian tubes

The fallopian tubes are vital organs for reproduction. If these tubes aren’t open the eggs cannot travel from the ovaries to facilitate fertilization. For the unversed, during the ligation procedure, the doctors either tie, burn or cut the fallopian tubes that negate the chances of pregnancy.

HSG Test

An HSG test also referred to as tubogram involves performing a set of X-Rays on the fallopian tubes and uterus. The doctor will inject a liquid dye through the vagina or they may use saline and air or make use of an ultrasound. Upon completion of this test, the doctors can determine if the woman has any possible defects in the uterus or whether there are any blockages in the fallopian tube.

Transvaginal Ultrasound

In the said procedure, the doctor makes use of a device, best described as an ultrasound “wand” and inserts it inside the vagina. Next, they bring the wand closer to the pelvic organs. By making use of sound waves the doctor inspects the images of both the ovaries and the uterus for possible problems.

Hysteroscopy

Again, hysteroscopy is a vital examination for evaluating fertility status. The doctor will use a thin, flexible tube which connects with a camera on the end. If necessary, they can inspect the problems and collect tissue samples for further evaluation.

Laparoscopy

The aforesaid procedure also makes use of a camera. The main difference with hysteroscopy, the doctor will insert the camera by cutting the belly and inserting it. The said procedure checks the pelvis area thoroughly for potential problems. The health examiners can detect the presence of issues like endometriosis that can affect the uterus.

Cervical Mucus

The screening of cervical mucus is necessary because it helps the sperm to traverse through it till the uterus. A post-coital test evaluates the proceedings.

Culturing the endometrium

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. These regions should become thicker during the ovulation period. This has a pivotal role in proper embryo implantation and also to sustain it effectively. Endometrial biopsy or ultrasound examinations, exams, it measures the width of the endometrium.

At-Home Fertility Tests

In the last few years, the advent of various at-home versions fertility diagnostic tests is available. Now, the women have an affordable and convenient mean for checking their fertility status at the comfort of their homes. Still, these tests can never replace the accurate testing facilities of a doctor. Interestingly, you can test most of the tests we have mentioned above via these home fertility tests. Irrespective of the accuracy the manufacturers promise, we suggest checking with a doctor for the best results.

Conclusion

After the successful completion of the fertility tests, the doctor will select the mode of treatment for overcoming infertility. If there isn’t any possible solution, the woman has to go for artificial reproductive methods.

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