All You Need to Know About the Medical Emergency Trolley

Medical emergency trolleys are a set of trays or drawers with shelves used in hospitals which are movable on wheels generally having push handle. They are used in hospitals for transportation and dispensing of emergency medication along with equipment at the sites of medical as well as a surgical emergency for life support protocols. These trolleys were originally designed to enhance the efficiency of a medical service provider in emergencies and are widely used to potentially save someone’s life. Medical emergency trolleys help the doctors and nurses to save time and thus increase the chances of saving a life. These are also known as a crash cart or code cart.

Types of Medical Emergency Trolley

There are several types of emergency trolleys that are used by various medical service providers as per their needs. These include the following:


  • Instrument Trolley: An instrument trolley has two slabs. These are basically used to carry medical tools which are mostly used in operation theatres.
  • Emergency Trolley: An emergency trolley has frames of stainless steel and coated panels. They contain drawers to keep medicine and emergency medical tools in store.
  • Resuscitation Trolley: Resuscitation Trolleys are made of stainless steel construction and they can have one to four trolleys.

What Is There in An Emergency Trolley?

The contents of a medical emergency trolley differ depending upon the hospital in which it is used. The trolleys typically contain the equipment and drugs that are required to treat a person in cardiac arrest. These generally include the following.

  • Separate compartments for medicines, medical consumables and miscellaneous utilities, shelves to keep surgical machines
  • Monitor or defibrillators, bag valve masks of different sizes and suction devices
  • Advanced cardiac life support (popularly known as ACLS) drugs, viz. epinephrine, atropine, amiodarone, dopamine, lidocaine, vasopressin and sodium bicarbonate
  • First line drugs that are essential for the treatment of the most common problems such as adenosine, epinephrine for IM use, naloxone, dextrose, diazepam or midazolam, nitro-glycerine and many others
  • Rapid sequence intubation drugs: succinylcholine or any another paralytic, endotracheal tubes and a sedative like midazolam or etomidate and other intubating equipment
  • Drugs for getting access to peripheral and central venous
  • Paediatric equipment which includes intubation equipment, common paediatric drugs, etc.
  • Any other drugs and tools that are chosen by the medical facility

Usage of A Medical Emergency Trolley

Medical emergency trolleys can be found exclusively in medical and sometimes in the hospitality industry. This trolley is used for carrying medicine and surgical equipment. They also serve as a moving carrier to collect medical waste during operation or in general from patients.

Features and Advantages of The Medical Emergency Trolley

Medical emergency trolleys are easy to manoeuvre can easily be stopped with brakes. Pairs of well-controlled wheels make it stable and thus it cannot be toppled easily. Variety of things can be carried in medical emergency trolleys due to its compact nature. They are mostly made of stainless steel and can be sterilized whenever its needed. Moreover, the drawers in the medical emergency trolley are strategically built to keep the things safe. They are framed with strong rods and require little maintenance.

The invention of medical emergency trolley has brought a solid revolution in the field of emergency medical service. In case of a life-threatening occurrence, medical emergency trolleys come handy for patient care. They are designed to speed up the process of reviving a patient who has suddenly stop breathing or for one whose heart has stopped to beat. Physicians along with nurses, pharmacists, respiratory therapists and the people engaged in medicine and treatment must become familiar with the contents of this trolley.

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