A lack of sex can be an unpleasant issue especially if the couple had a regular sex life. However, it is important to understand that there are a lot of reasons why women may refuse to have sex. In addition to psychological factors, there are a lot of diseases and infections that can make sex unpleasant or even painful. In this article, we gathered seven common conditions that may affect your sex life.
Adenomyosis is a condition in which the uterine lining (endometrium) start to ingrow into the uterine walls. It can cause the hormonal imbalance, heavy periods, immunity decreases, swelling of the affected area, and pain during sex. In most cases, the condition affects women after their 30s. Adenomyosis and pregnancy are practically incompatible. This means that women with adenomyosis usually have fertility issues.
2. Bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis is a condition in which the usual balance of microflora in the vagina is disturbed. Lactobacilli create an optimal environment in the vagina and prevent the proliferation of pathogens. With bacterial vaginosis, the number of lactobacilli decreases and they cannot inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
The most common causes of bacterial vaginosis are antibiotics, gastrointestinal tract malfunctions, frequent change of sexual partners, poor intimate hygiene, stress, climate change, and endocrine disorders. The most common symptoms of vaginosis are:
- Vaginal itching and burning
- Abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
- Pain during sex
- Pain during urination
Endometriosis is a bit like adenomyosis but the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus on pelvic organs. This condition can cause severe pain during sex, heavy bleeding during periods, and problems with conception. Despite the fact that there is no cure for endometriosis, your gynecologist may recommend treatment options to manage your symptoms. However, you should know that if you already have fertility issues, treatment can’t cope with them.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an inflammation of the pelvic organs that is caused by an untreated infection. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can be considered the most common causes of PID. This condition can cause pelvic pain and abnormal discharge. As a result, it also interferes with normal sex life. Moreover, Due to the fact that it caused by infections, both partners should be treated since they can pass the disease between them.
Sexually transmitted infections are infections that can be passed between partners during sexual contact (vaginal, oral, and anal). You should also know that some infections like herpes and human papillomavirus can also be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. Most STIs cause vaginal itching, painful sensations during sex, abnormal discharge, and unpleasant odor. STIs should be treated as soon as possible since they can lead to PID and possible infertility.
6. Uterine fibroids and polyps
Both uterine fibroids and polyps are tumors that grow inside the uterus on its walls. However, while fibroids are considered non-cancerous, polyps can lead to cancer in five percent of cases. You should also know that if both these conditions occur in the uterus together, it significantly complicates the situation. Both diseases are hormone-dependent, which increases the likelihood of infertility and cancer. Moreover, both of them cause pain during sex, spotting between periods, and pelvic pressure.
7. Vaginal dryness
In most cases, vaginal dryness occurs in women during menopause when the production of female sex hormones estrogen decreases. This leads to drying of the mucous membrane in the vagina. When the mucous membrane is thinned, it can develop microcracks even after minimal mechanical influence (like frictions during sex). As a result, pathogenic microorganisms begin to actively develop in the vagina. Among the frequent complications are infectious diseases, inflammation, and painful sensations during sex.