Miami is internationally popular for its beaches and scenic landscapes. Such enriched coastal wetlands, marshes, coral reefs, and pine forests are rare in any other parts of the United States. All of these natural resources support active tourism, wildlife habitat, and atmospheric recreation.
To sustain these benefits, the authorities in the County are always working on their maintenance and enhancement. For instance, now and then, the county gives away free trees in a program called “Adopt a Tree.” It annually provides two trees to every household for free.
Another spectacular program they are currently running goes by the name, “Neat Trees Miami.” This one aims to plant a million trees in Miami by 2020. The basic motive of this campaign is to achieve a 30 percent canopy in Miami.
It has been five years since this initiative began. The Million Trees Miami website reports that they have successfully planted 220,000 trees so far. Given the present statistical details, it is plausible to assume that the fertility of land is pretty favorable in the County.
And if you are a resident who wants to participate in the campaign of making Miami green, you must know the types of trees supported by the land. Picking the right kind is crucial to a healthy tree canopy.
Below is the list of six kinds of trees you will typically find in Miami:
Melaleuca, (Melaleuca quinquinervia)
Melaleuca is a large evergreen tree that reaches up to a height of 65 feet. It is brownish and white with a multi-layered papery bark. The color of its leaves is simple, grayish-green. They are lance-shaped and 10-cm long. It gives out a smell of camphor when crushed. As of now, melaleuca inhabits more than 400 acres of land, most of which are in South Florida.
Because of its aggressive growth patterns, possession of melaleuca with the intention of selling is not allowed in Florida unless you have a special permit.
Gumbo-limbo (Bursera Simaruba)
Bursera is another fastest growing tree in Miami that can tolerate a wide variety of conditions. It has attractive red peeling bark. It is famous as a tourist tree because the skin of tourists also burns from the sun.
Its trunk and branches are thick. You can plant this as a specimen in full sun or partial shade. If all the boxes checked, the tree can reach a height of 40 to 60 feet. The attractive tree is an excellent pick for the South Florida landscapes. You can contact local farms like Manuel Diaz for its purchase.
Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle)
Red Mangroves grow along the shoreline, where conditions are harshest. The tangled, reddish prop roots distinguish these species from others. These prop roots come out of the trunk that has roots growing downward from the branches. It has elliptical and smooth-edged leaves with shiny, dark uppersides.
Under optimal conditions, this tree can reach a height of more than 80 feet. However, its typical growth in Florida is about 20 feet. They cover about 13% of the total trees found in Miami.
Buttonwood (Conocarpus Erectus)
Buttonwood is also a fast-growing tree with a moderate pace. It can tolerate a wide variety of conditions and consists of attractive button-like flowers. You can plant it as a background tree, on the street, or as a screen. It requires moist or well-drained soils for good growth. The tree will reach a height of 30 to 60 feet and spreads about 20 to 30 feet on the ground.
The best quality of this tree is that it can tolerate droughts, pollution, and inundation. It also helps to keep the soil compact and resists strong winds. The only requirements of this tree are direct sunlight and warmth.
Wild Tamarind (Lysiloma Iatisiliquum)
Wild Tamarind is an open canopy tree that gives sweet-smelling flowers in spring and summers. It has a wide, flat crown composed of stout and spreading branches. The trunk is large, with 3 feet in diameter. And the bark is usually gray, which spreads into large, plate-like scales on older trees.
Lysiloma can reach up to a height of 30 – 50 feet. And in South Florida, it can extend up to 79 feet. If the tree can access the full sun, it will be as broad as it is tall. It does not require extra nutrients. Soil with poor nutrients or low organic content would be fair enough.
Paradise Tree (Simarouba Glauca)
Paradise Tree, like its name, is a beautiful tree with shiny leaves. During spring, the female species produce purple and reddish olive-sized fruit. The color is prone to stain driveways and sidewalks. And, it can reach up to 30 to 50 feet in height. For its optimal growth, make sure you plant it in partial to full sun exposure.
The average tree density in Miami across all its land uses is 92 acres, which is greater than tree densities in other cities of the US. But it is less than in other cities of Florida. So, the mission of planting trees must go on in the county. Look for ways that you can contribute to it.
We hope you found some useful information in our discussion. Let us know if you are going for either of the species mentioned above.