6 Common Conditions That Can Cause Pain During Sex

It is essential to understand that sex shouldn’t be painful and if you experience any painful sensations and discomfort, it can be a sign of a certain disease. Indeed, an uncomfortable pose or too deep penetration can also cause pain but it usually disappears when you change the pose.

If you regularly experience pain during sex, it is better to contact a female gynecologist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Fortunately, many gynecological disorders can be successfully treated. In this article, we have gathered six common conditions that can cause pain during sex

1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) starts to grow on the pelvic organs outside the uterus. This endometrial tissue can attach organs to each other that can lead to pain during sex. Women with endometriosis can also experience spotting, pelvic pain, and severe cramping during periods. You can ease the symptoms of endometriosis with the help of medication or surgical options (like conservative surgery).

2. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are growths that develop on the uterine walls. Even though fibroids can develop asymptomatically, some women with uterine fibroids can experience lower back pain, pelvic pressure, and pain during sex. If you have noticed the aforementioned symptoms, it is better to visit a gynecologist for a thorough diagnosis and treatment. A doctor can remove fibroids to improve your well-being.

3. Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries. Many women have ovarian cysts that occur and disappear asymptomatically during the menstrual cycle. But some women with ovarian cysts can experience severe pelvic pain that can get worse during sex. In this case, it is better to undergo accurate treatment. Additionally, if you are diagnosed with ovarian cysts, it is essential to monitor your condition to avoid ovarian torsion or ovarian cyst rupture.

4. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that occurs when your pelvic organs become inflamed. The most common causes of PID are untreated STIs and bacterial vaginosis. PID can manifest itself through chronic pelvic pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during sex. Many women with PID can also experience fertility issues. Your doctor can prescribe treatment with antibiotics to reduce inflammation and other symptoms. 

5. Vaginismus

Vaginismus is a condition in which the vagina spasms and squeezes when something is entering it. The main problem is that sex with vaginismus is extremely painful and even unbearable. Additionally, women with vaginismus can find it difficult to insert a tampon or undergo a gynecological exam. Even though there is no single treatment for vaginismus, a woman with this condition can practice Kegel exercises and undergo psychotherapy if the condition is linked to fear of sex. 

6. Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness is a condition in which a woman experiences a lack of natural lubrication. This can lead to the occurrence of cracks and injuries during and after sex. As a result, sex becomes painful. Due to the fact that vaginal dryness usually occurs when the levels of estrogen decrease (for example, during menopause), hormonal treatment can help increase natural lubrication, Estrogen creams and additional lubrication can also help improve the symptoms of vaginal dryness.

The bottom line

A lack of sex can become a significant problem in relationships. But the main thing is that the aforementioned conditions can cause a lot of unpleasant symptoms that can worsen your well-being in general.

If you experience pain or unpleasant sensations during sex, you shouldn’t neglect your condition. Timely and proper treatment can leap ease your symptoms and improve the quality of your sex life.

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