Women’s health requires a careful and thoughtful attitude since many diseases can be successfully treated in the early stages. Health neglect is a serious factor that can lead to infertility and other troubles. It is necessary to understand what is considered to be a physiological standard and what is not in order not to miss “the red flags”.
Why should I go to a gynecologist?
Such a simple procedure as a regular check by a gynecologist can protect you from many troubles and may save your life. Therefore, even in the absence of complaints, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination at least once a year.
In addition to the examination, the doctor may advise you to perform a colposcopy, cytology, and an ultrasound. The risk of developing cervical cancer (which is in second place after breast cancer) increases, so it is also recommended to take the Pap test. This examination is especially important for women who have sex. The risk of developing cervical cancer increases due to the presence of human papillomavirus, which is very common today.
Do not be afraid of the survey, because statistics show that if the disease is detected in advance, the chances of a complete cure will be higher. For example, at the zero stage of cancer, the chances of a safe life in the next five years are almost 100%, and at 1st or 2nd they are about 85%. Besides, the sooner the disease is detected, the more gentle and less costly the treatment will be.
For the treatment of cervical cancer in the initial stages, it is often sufficient to perform conization (a gynecological procedure, during which part of the organ is excised). This operation is organ-preserving. A woman can easily get pregnant and give birth to a child after it.
In general, doctors identify several symptoms in which you should not postpone a visit to the gynecologist. If at least one of them is observed in you, it is better to make an appointment as soon as possible. Let’s look at the symptoms that you should pay attention to:
Pain during sexual intercourse and bleeding afterward.
While visiting the gynecologist, approximately 20% of women complain of pain during sex and bleeding. These symptoms may indicate polycystic ovarian disease, endometriosis, fibromatosis, etc.
Changes in the menstruation.
The following symptoms can indicate hormonal imbalances, inflammatory processes, and other problems:
- a cycle that is shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days
- a change in the usual interval between menstruation
- too little or abundant discharge
Abnormal discharge between menstruation.
The nature of secretion varies depending on the phase of the cycle. For example, the amount of mucus may increase during ovulation. However, it is important to remember five very important symptoms. Normal intermenstrual discharge is never accompanied by pain, itching, burning, unpleasant smell and blood. The presence of any of these signs can signify genital infection, endometriosis, polyposis, etc.
Lower abdominal pain.
One of the main symptoms of adnexitis (inflammation of the appendages) is the pain in the lower abdomen. It can cause stinging or cramping pain on the left, right, or throughout the abdomen. The important point is that in the middle of the cycle, light pain or discomfort is permissible. It usually localized in the ovary where ovulation occurs.
Unprotected intercourse with a new partner.
It makes sense to go to the doctor 2-3 weeks after unprotected intercourse. Most sexually transmitted diseases have an incubation period and no doctor can notice them earlier than that.
Remember that self-medication according to the principle “a friend had a similar case and these pills helped her” is absolutely forbidden. Only a doctor can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment. And a disease that was diagnosed in time ends in a successful recovery in most cases.