Despite the fact that there is a lot of information about the women’s reproductive system, many people still know not much about its organs and functions. A few centuries ago people knew small and questionable things about the uterus and other reproductive organs. Even today, medical society still doesn’t know everything, and studies on the reproductive systems are ongoing.
The uterus can become a place where the new life occurs and may contribute to the lethal outcome at the same time. That’s why it is important to monitor your condition and don’t neglect any alarming symptoms.
The women’s reproductive system is an incredible tool that has many duties. It contributes to conception, carries a child, and gives birth. The uterus is the only body organ that can grow another organ (placenta) inside. Moreover, the inner lining of the uterus sheds during periods and grows again. In this article, we gathered five important facts about the uterus you should know.
1. Periods remove the inner lining of the uterus
Periods occur due to the hormonal changes that naturally occur in the women’s body. If the fertilization doesn’t occur in the middle of the menstrual cycle, the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, sheds. Hormones estrogen and progesterone contribute to the endometrium build-up that repeats every cycle.
Periods usually start in girls when they’re around 12 and stop during menopause. During all this time, a woman has periods that occur approximately once a month. However, the length of the menstrual cycle may vary.
2. The uterus can significantly increase
When a woman becomes pregnant, her uterus becomes a “home” for the fetus. The fetus grows every day and the uterus has to stretch to accommodate the baby, placenta, and amniotic fluid. Before childbirth, the uterus can increase significantly. Moreover, it helps to deliver a child with the help of contractions that push the fetus out.
3. Certain uterine conditions can cause infertility
There is a common misconception that infertility can be caused only by various ovarian issues. The reality is that many other problems with the fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, or vagina can lead to problems with fertility.
The most common uterine conditions that cause fertility issues include endometriosis, adenomyosis, and uterine fibroids. Unfortunately, advanced endometriosis and adenomyosis can’t be cured and you can only manage their symptoms. Uterine fibroids can be treated with the help of medication and surgery. If you were diagnosed by uterine fibroids, visit the fibroid specialist to remove them and increase your chances to get pregnant.
4. Severe cramps during periods are not normal
Many women think that severe cramping during periods is normal and doesn’t require medical attention. However, many women that experience unbearable pain during menstruation have underlying medical conditions that worsen their symptoms.
Adenomyosis, endometriosis, PCOS, uterine fibroids, and many other conditions that affect the women’s reproductive system aggravate cramping and can make bleeding more severe. If your menstrual cramps become extremely severe and you can’t even perform your daily activity, it is better to visit a gynecologist.
5. There are a few types of cancer that can affect the uterus
Despite the fact that cervical and breast cancer is more common in women, uterine cancer also affects many women all over the world. There are two types of cancer that affect different parts of the uterus:
- Endometrial cancer
- Uterine sarcoma
Endometrial cancer affects the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium). It changes the endometrial cells and makes them grow abnormally. Uterine sarcoma affects the uterine walls and spreads much faster then endometrial cancer. To prevent the development of cancer, it is essential to visit the gynecologist regularly and don’t neglect additional testing.