Kidneys are one of the most important organs of the human body. They perform a crucial function that enables us to stay alive. Kidney disease is one of the silent diseases. If left untreated it can lead to severe disability and even death. It is crucially important to recognize symptoms of kidney inflammation or infection. This knowledge may prevent irreversible damage to your health.

Below are 10 symptoms of kidney disease every adult should look out for.

1. Urine color changes

Brown or red urine color indicates that it contains blood. Kidney damage like stones, cancer or infections makes the kidney get weak. This allows blood to leak. 

If your urine becomes foamy this may indicate protein leak.

2. Swelling

Swollen feet, legs or hands may be a symptom of severe kidney disease. It is associated with the kidney’s inability to get rid of extra fluid or salt. 

When kidneys are leaking protein it also can make the body swell.

3. Fatigue

The decrease in kidney function causes the impurities and stagnation of toxins in the blood. As a result, a person often feels tired and weak. It also makes it hard to concentrate. 

Anemia is another complication associated with kidney malfunction. It also may cause weakness and fatigue. 

3. Sudden pain

People with kidney disease often complain about mild back pain that spreads to the front of the body. This may be associated with a urinary tract infection that moves up to the kidneys. 

Severe pain may be a symptom of kidney stones. When stones travel out to the ureter they block the urine flow causing kidney swelling. This results in acute pain in the abdomen, back, and sides.

4. High blood pressure

Hypertension is closely related to kidney disease. Kidneys regulate the salt levels in circulation. If kidneys are unable to do this, salt remains in the blood. Excess salt in the blood provokes a high blood pressure. 

5. Gout

About nine out of ten people with a kidney disorder will get sick with gout over time. Damaged kidneys are unable to get rid of uric acid in the blood. Excess uric acid in the body contributes to joint swelling, especially in the big toe joint.

6. Trouble sleeping

Kidney diseases cause toxins stagnation in the body. This can make it difficult to sleep. Kidney disease is also associated with sleep apnea. This is a dangerous sleep disorder in which breathing stops and starts throughout the night. 

7. Dry and itchy skin

A healthy kidney removes waste and fluid from the body. It also helps produce red blood cells and maintain the levels of minerals in your blood. When the kidneys are no longer able to maintain this balance, the skin becomes itchy and dry. 

Mineral imbalance can also make your bones fragile and brittle.

8. Frequent urination

The need to urinate more often that usually can be a symptom of kidney disease. When the kidney’s filter function is impaired it can increase the urge to urinate. Urinary infection or enlarged prostate in men is also associated with frequent urination. 

9. Constant eye puffiness

Puffiness under the eyes indicates that the kidneys can’t filter urine properly and kidneys begin leaking protein. Proteine in the urine is an early symptom of kidney disease. 

9. Muscle crumps

People with kidney disease often experience electrolyte imbalance. Low calcium levels and poorly controlled phosphorus may lead to muscle cramping.

10. Diabetes

One of the most common causes of kidney disease is diabetes. High blood sugar damages the kidneys. So if you have diabetes you should pay special attention to the health of your kidneys.

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